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Academic Writing Tips & Resources

This subject guide is designed to help Koç University students on various types of academic writing issues that may be encountered as they work through their courses, including writing research papers, essays, literature reviews and more.

Argumentative Essay

In most cases you will be asked to use this type of writing. 

"The most important thing about an argumentative essay type is that the writer must know the topic, and must have a great deal of knowledge about the reasons why people support or oppose it."

*Tomak, B. (2021). Introduction to academic writing : from theory to practice . Ankara : Pegem Akademi. 

"Arguments consist of answers to just these five questions:

  • What are you claiming?
  • What are your reasons?
  • What evidence supports your reasons?
  • But what about other points of view?
  • How are your reasons relevant to your claim?"

*Turabian, K. L. (2010). Student's Guide for Writing College Papers. University of Chicago Press.

  • Small argument example that have five parts from the book;

 *Turabian, K. L. (2010). Student's Guide for Writing College Papers. University of Chicago Press.

TV aimed at children can aid their intellectual development, but that contribution has been offset by a factor that could damage their emotional development- too much violence.claim Parents agree that example is an important influence on a child's development. That's why parents tell their children stories about heroes. It seems plausible, then, that children see degrading behavior, they will be affected by it as well.warrant In a single day, children see countless examples of  violence.reason Everyday the average child watches almost four hours of TV and sees about twelve acts of violence (Smith 1992).evidence Tarnow has shown that children don't confuse cartoon violence with real life.acknowledgement of alternative point of view. But they may make children more vulnerable to violence in other shows. If they only distinguish between cartoons and people, they may think real actors engaged in graphic violence represent real life.response We cannot ignore the possibility that TV violence encourages the development of violent adults.claim restated 

The structure of the argumentative essay is held together by the following.

  • A clear, concise, and defined thesis statement that occurs in the first paragraph of the essay.
  • Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Body paragraphs that include evidential support.
  • Evidential support (whether factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal).
  • A conclusion that does not simply restate the thesis, but readdresses it in light of the evidence provided.

Expository Essay

The purpose of an expository essay is to describe or explain a specific topic. It:

Narrative Essay

When writing a narrative essay, one might think of it as telling a story. These essays are often anecdotal, experiential, and personal—allowing students to express themselves in a creative and, quite often, moving ways.

  • If written as a story, the essay should include all the parts of a story.
  • The essay should have a purpose.
  • The essay should be written from a clear point of view.
  • Use clear and concise language throughout the essay.
  • The use of the first person pronoun ‘I’ is welcomed.
  • As always, be organized!

Comparative Essay

In the compare/contrast essays require at least two or more topics. The differences and the similarities must shown in the essay.