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Ancient Civilizations of Anatolia
General information about history and periods of Anatolia and its ancient civilizations.
This is a brief introduction to ancient history and civilizations of Anatolia and I do not make any claims here that the content of this web site is the most complete and the most comprehensive one, therefore, I will be glad to accept any criticism and suggestions you might like to make about any informatio
The locations listed below are the sites that has one or more monument belonging to the times of Hittite civilization. The text list below divides the sites in to two groups by date. This is definetely not a complete list, nor the listed sites may have complete information. Some pages are still missing information or images.
Gordion is one of the most important archaeological sites in the Near East, occupied for more than 4,000 years from the Bronze Age to modern times. It had a strategically important location in what is now Central Turkey (100 km southwest of Ankara). Its heyday was in the first half of the first millennium BCE when it was the royal capital of the powerful Iron Age kingdom known as Phrygia to the Greeks and Mushki to the neighboring Assyrian empire.
The TAY (Archaeological Settlements of Turkey) Project was set up to build a chronological inventory of findings for the cultural heritage of Turkey - an important component of World Heritage sites - and to share this information with the international community.
Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live with today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of East Africa’s Serengeti, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world’s heritage.
In the seventh century BC the Assyrian monarch was the most powerful human being in the whole Middle East. Hundreds of letters, queries and reports survive from Neo-Assyrian capital of Nineveh PGP in northern Iraq. They show scholars advising the Assyrian royal family on matters ominous, astrological and medical, often with direct impact on political affairs.
Along with court poetry and royal prophecies, they give an extraordinary vivid insight into the actual practice of scholarship in the context of the first well-documented courtly patronage of scientific activity in world history.
Sumerian is the first language for Evidence Which we have written and the ITS literature Earliest known. The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (ETCSL), a project of the University of Oxford, comprises a selection of literary compositions Recorded On Nearly 400 Which sources come from ancient Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) and date to the Late Third and Early Second Millennia BCE .
Concepts are blurred as history is written, beliefs and knowledge change with the course of time. Cultures in Anatolia and Istanbul have affected the development of civilizations, music, architecture, art, religion and literature.
This web site is the product of collaborative work by the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis with design and development by Vermonster LLC, and contributions from a great many friends around the world.
The Sagalassos Archaeological Research Project directed by Prof. Dr. Marc Waelkens of the KU Leuven has been carrying out interdisciplinary work at the ancient town of Sagalassos (Ağlasun, Burdur) and its territory since 1989. Researchers and students of various disciplines and nationalities are collaborating to reconstruct the history of this Pisidian town, which developed between the Hellenistic Period and the Mid 7th c. AD.
Dünyanın ilk yerleşim yerlerinden olan Göbeklitepe, Çatalhöyük, Hacılar vb ev sahipliği yapan kadim Anadolu. İnsanların avcı-toplayacılıktan yerleşik düzene geçmesini sağlayan tarım ve hayvanların ehlilleştirilmesi gibi adımların izlenebildiği merkezler Anadolu’nun her köşesinde yer almaktadır. Dini, ticari ve kültürel açıdan önemli bu yerleşimlerin tarihi M.Ö. 12000 yılına kadar gitmektedir.
Van Gölü’nün doğu kıyısında kurulan Tuşpa Kenti tarihöncesi çağlardan 20. yy. başlarına kadar geçen sürede birçok uygarlığa ev sahipliği yapmıştır.Bunlardan en önemlisi ise Van kayalığı ve çevresine Tuşpa adıyla başkentlerini inşa eden Urartulardır. MÖ 9. yüzyıldan 6. yüzyıla kadar yaklaşık 250 yıl boyunca Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi, Kuzeybatı İran ve Aras Havzasında etkili olan Urartular siyasi etkilerine paralel olarak mimari açısından da birçok yeniliğin öncüsü olmuş başkent Tuşpa’da birçok anıtsal eser inşa etmişlerdir. Bunlardan Sardur Burç, Anıtsal Kaya Mezarları, Eski ve Yeni Saraylar, Doğu ve Batı Hendekleri, İçkale Surları, Minua Sirşinisi ve obelisklerin bulunduğu Analıkız Alanı Tuşpa’da günümüze kadar ulaşan önemli Urartu anıtlardır.
After a 70 year hiatus, the Tayinat Archaeological Project (TAP) was launched in 1999 as part of the Amuq Valley Regional Project (AVRP), which had been systematically documenting the archaeology of the Amuq Plain since 1995. TAP was conceived within the interdisciplinary context of the AVRP as part of a long-term regional research effort investigating the historical development of urban institutions and the rise of early state-ordered societies
This collaborative research project in north-central Anatolia seeks to integrate a number of different approaches to studying the past, using recent technological advances to integrate disparate datasets into a cohesive framework of analysis. From the 1980s, there has been continued development of methodologies of archaeological field survey, as well as remote sensing techniques ranging from ground-penetrating radar to airborne radar systems and satellite imagery.
Hittites Monuments site aims to provide visual references to all major Hittite monuments. The locations listed below are the sites that has monuments belonging to the times of Hittite/Luwian civilization and culture. The text list below divides the sites in two chronological groups. This is definetely not a complete list, nor the listed sites may have complete information.
First Anatolian Farmers Were Local Hunter-Gatherers That Adopted Agriculture
The first farmers from Anatolia, who brought farming to Europe and represent the single largest ancestral component in modern-day Europeans, are directly descended from local hunter-gatherers who adopted a farming way of life.