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Ancient Civilizations of Anatolia

General information about history and periods of Anatolia and its ancient civilizations.

Welcome To the Ancient Civilizations of Anatolia Libguide


Hattusha: the Hittite Capital Aslanlı Kapı, Lion Gate

 “Crossroads of Civilizations”, “the land of the rising sun”, “the Land of a Thousand Gods” or “the land of the Rûm’… All these words are used by different civilizations to define Anatolia in through the history. Anatolia is surrounded by the Black Sea to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Aegean Sea -itself an arm of the Mediterranean. As a bridge between Asia and Europe, Anatolia was a meeting point of many cultures and it was a place of birth of many important civilizations. Between ca. 11,000 and 9000 B.C. in Anatolia the first permanent villages was emerged in southeastern and central Anatolia. Then the Hittites established the first state in Anatolia. After Hittites, Anatolia housed Phrygian Civilization, Urartu Civilization, Lydian Civilization, Carian Civilization, Lycian, Hellenistic Civilization and Roman-Byzantine Civilizations.

The guide will assist you with your research on history of Anatolia and various civilizations and will further support your knowledge by videos, podcasts and digital sources.In this guide you can find many sources on ancient Anatolia’s history from the Paleolithic age to the end of Byzantine era. Browsing the menu, you will come across resources that comprise both general interest as well as academic, so that you will be able to synthesize them according to your information needs and professional expertise.

Let’s read and listen the story of the Anatolian Civilizations..

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