When you write in an academic writing style, you don't write as you would normally speak. You avoid using more informal language, such as slang or colloquialisms, or contractions. You structure your language carefully, using complete sentences and paragraphs. Although bulleted lists are also acceptable, they shouldn't be overused, because your writing would start to look like it was just notes.
Writing is a process that involves several steps: prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing. It is known as a recursive process. While you are revising, you might have to return to the prewriting step to develop and expand your ideas.
Prewriting is anything you do before you write a draft of your document. Actually this part is about the Research Process that includes thinking, taking notes, talking to others, brainstorming, outlining, and gathering information.
Freewriting: To freewrite, you write about a topic for a timed period of about ten minutes. Forget about grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Just sit and write freely. If you have nothing to say, write, "I have nothing to say," until you do say something. The result of such freewriting will be sense mixed with nonsense, but gradually you'll find yourself warming up to the topic.
Brainstorming: Brainstorming is an exercise in thinking. You simply list every thougt that pops into your head about a particular topic. Don't try to write in sentence. Don't worry about logic or whether your ideas are good or bad. Just jot down your thoughts. You can always sort them out later.
Outline: The outline is the body of your paper. Aids in the process of writing and helps organize your ideas.
.The typical outline should comprise:
Remember: creating an outline before writing your paper will make organizing your thoughts a lot easier. Whether you follow the suggested guidelines is up to you, but making any kind of outline (even just some jotting down some main ideas) will be beneficial to your writing process.
See Sample on "Writing the Paper"
The next stage is composing or drafting. Once you have finished planning your work, you are ready to start on the first writing of it. This is when you turn your notes into sentences and paragraphs, and is often called the first draft or rough draft.
As you go over your prewriting notes, think about the specific words and images that will help your readers understand the nature of your topic and visualize what you´re trying to express.
Try to do your writing on a computer in order to make it easier to change and correct whatever you need to. If you prefer to use paper, then double-space your writing, this will allow you to make corrections and changes more easily.
Revision is the key to successful writing. Once you have completed the your first draft, you should look for ways to improve your work. This part of the writing process is generally called revising. At this stage of the writing process, you look more deeply into your ideas, consider the implications of the evidence or data you have collected, and you locate gaps in information or logic that need to be filled so that your readers can understand your points more fully. When you revise, you revise ideas, you revise style, and you revise for your readers.
At this point you may use Evaluation Check List on Handouts page.
Editing is the final step in the writing process. After reviewing the document as a whole, you should consider numerous elements: mechanics, parts of speech, punctuation, sentences, transitions, and word choice.
Remember! A little time spent editing and reviewing can improve your finished writing and boost your marks. So try to do it!
After drafting the body of the paper, draft a short introduction that leads up to your thesis.
Check your Assignment to see if your instructor has any special requirements for the paper’s introduction.
Now draft a short concluding paragraph.
Check your Assignment to see if your instructor has any special requirements for the paper's concluding paragraph.